Future energy systems will depend much more on renewable energy resources than the current ones. Renewable energy resources, in turn, fluctuate and are not permanently available to the same extent than fossil ones. In consequence, new approaches are required to balance electricity demand and production. One approach is to schedule the compressed-air production of industrial installations according to the current load and supply of the electric grid. To be able to do this, compressed-air has to be stored for peak load phases. Computer simulations are an efficient tool to judge the technical feasibility of such an approach and to compare it with other load management systems. This paper describes the thermodynamic fundamentals of compressed-air energy storage and their integration in a computer model. The obtained results from simulations were compared with results from measurements showing good consistency. Thus, the model was used to simulate different principles to store compressed-air. Systems with low pressure level and with high storage volume appear to be the most energy-efficient ones. In general the technology has the potential to be utilized in the electric load management. However, further simulations are required to determine the most economical solution.